Agricultural Prices
Agricultural Prices

ISSN: 1937-4216

Released February 28, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Special Note

The Other Hay Baled Market Year Average Prices Received table has been 
delayed due to the lapse in federal funding. The table will be published in 
the April 30 Agricultural Prices release.
 
January Prices Received Index Down 4.5 Percent 

The January Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 84.9, 
decreased 4.5 percent from December 2018. At 76.3, the Crop Production Index 
decreased 10.8 percent. The Livestock Production Index, at 97.9, increased 
6.4 percent. Producers received higher prices for broilers, cattle, milk, and 
hogs but lower prices for lettuce, market eggs, cotton, and broccoli. 
Compared with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is down 0.7 percent. 
The Crop Production Index decreased 1.7 percent and the Livestock Production 
Index increased 3.6 percent. The indexes are calculated using commodity 
prices and volumes of commodities that producers market. Increased monthly 
movement of corn, soybeans, wheat, and cattle offset the decreased marketing 
of milk, broilers, greenhouse & nursery, and market eggs. The Food 
Commodities Index, at 92.8, decreased 1.5 percent from the previous month but 
was unchanged from January 2018.

January Prices Paid Index Up 0.1 Percent 

The January Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 109.3, is up 0.1 percent from December 2018 
and up 1.0 percent from January 2018. Higher prices in January for other 
services, complete feeds, hay and forages, and self-propelled machinery more 
than offset lower prices for diesel, milk cows, supplements, and 
concentrates.

Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes
2011 Base - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   January   :  December   :   January   
                Index Group               :    2018     :    2018     :    2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :   percent       percent       percent   
                                          :                                         
                                          :                                         
Prices received by farmers ...............:     85.5          88.9          84.9    
                                          :                                         
Prices paid by farmers ...................:    108.2         109.2         109.3    
                                          :                                         
Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..:       80            82            78    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

Prices Received by Farmers.....................................................................................  4
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons..............................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons.........................  5
Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2018 and 2019.................  5
Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States: 2018 and 2019.....................  6
Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons......................  7
Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons....................  8
Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons..............  9
Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons...................  9
Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons........................ 10
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons..................... 10
Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons...................... 11
Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons..................... 11
Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons............................. 11
Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons....................... 12
Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons................... 12
Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons...................... 12
Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons.................... 12
Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons............................. 13
Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons......................... 14
Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons........................ 14
Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons............... 15
Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons........................ 15
Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons........................... 15
Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons......................... 15
Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons..... 16
Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons....... 16
Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons...................... 17
Prices Received for Apples - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons........................... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: January 2018...................... 18
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: December 2018..................... 19
Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: January 2019...................... 20
Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons......................... 21
Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons........................ 21
Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons.... 22
Commodity Parity Prices - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons......................................... 23
Marketing Year for Specified Commodities....................................................................... 25
Cattle Market Year Average Prices Received - United States: Marketing Years 2017 and 2018...................... 25
Hog Market Year Average Prices Received - United States: Marketing Years 2017 and 2018......................... 25
Milk Cow Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years 2017 and 2018 ........ 26
Prices Received for Cows, Steers and Heifers, Calves, Beef Cattle, and Milk Cows by Month - United States: 
   Marketing Years 2017 and 2018............................................................................... 27
Prices Received for Barrows and Gilts, Sows, and All Hogs by Month - United States: Marketing Years 
   2017 and 2018............................................................................................... 27
Prices Received for Milk Cows by Month - States and United States: 2018........................................ 28
Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for All Cattle and Calves - States and United States: 
   January 1, 2018 and 2019.................................................................................... 29

Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for Hogs - States and United States: December 1, 2017 
   and 2018.................................................................................................... 30
Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for Sheep and Lambs - States and United States: 
   January 1, 2018 and 2019.................................................................................... 31
Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for Angora Goats - States and United States: January 1, 2018 
   and 2019.................................................................................................... 31
Reliability of Prices Received Estimates....................................................................... 32
Prices Paid by Farmers......................................................................................... 33
Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons................... 34
Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components - United States: 
   January 2019 with Comparisons............................................................................... 35
Feed Price Ratios - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons............................................... 36
Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons............. 36
Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons................................ 36
Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates........................................................................... 37
Information Contacts........................................................................................... 38

January Prices Received by Farmers

The January Prices Received Index for agricultural production is 84.9 percent 
of its 2011 base, down 4.5 percent from the December 2018 index and 
0.7 percent from the January 2018 index.

Crop production: The January index, at 76.3, is 10.8 percent lower than 
December and 1.7 percent lower than January 2018. The vegetable & melon, 
fruit & tree nut, and greenhouse & nursery index decreases more than offset 
the grain & oilseed and other crop index increases.

Grain and oilseed: The January index, at 64.7, is up 0.5 percent from 
December but down 0.2 percent from January 2018. Oilseed, feed grain, and 
food grain indexes all showed an increase.

Feed grain: The January index, at 59.4, increased 0.3 percent from last month 
and 7.6 percent from a year ago. The corn price, at $3.56 per bushel, is up 
2 cents from last month and 27 cents from January 2018. At $5.71 per cwt, 
sorghum grain is 3 cents above December but 5 cents below January a year 
earlier.

Food grain: At 76.0, the index for January is up 0.9 percent from the 
previous month and 2.6 percent from a year ago. The January price for all 
wheat, at $5.28 per bushel, is unchanged from December but 63 cents higher 
than January 2018.

Oilseed: At 69.3, the index for January increased 1.3 percent from December 
but decreased 7.0 percent from January 2018. The soybean price, at $8.63 per 
bushel, is 6 cents higher than December but 67 cents lower than January a 
year earlier.

Fruit and tree nut: The January index, at 123.8, is down 1.7 percent from 
December and 9.8 percent from a year earlier. Price decreases during January 
for lemons, oranges, and grapefruit more than offset price increases for 
strawberries.

Vegetable and melon: At 118.2, the index for January decreased 22.5 percent 
from the previous month but increased 16.6 percent from January 2018. Price 
declines during January for lettuce, broccoli, and tomatoes more than offset 
price increases for onions, celery, and potatoes.

Other crop: The January index, at 74.0, is up 0.8 percent from the previous 
month and 5.7 percent from January 2018. The all hay price, at $166.00 per 
ton, is up $2.00 from December and $26.00 from January 2018. At 65.3 cents 
per pound, the price for upland cotton is 7.4 cents lower than December and 
3.6 cents lower than January 2018.

Livestock production: The index for January, at 97.9, increased 6.4 percent 
from the previous month and 3.6 percent from January a year earlier. Compared 
with a year ago, prices are higher for broilers, milk, cattle, and turkeys. 
Prices for hogs, market eggs, and calves are lower than a year earlier.

Meat animal: At 96.0, the January index increased 3.1 percent from the 
previous month but decreased 3.3 percent from a year earlier. At $44.60 per 
cwt, the January hog price is $1.20 higher than December but $7.90 lower than 
a year earlier. The January beef cattle price of $121.00 per cwt is $4.00 
higher than the previous month and $1.00 higher than January 2018.

Dairy: The index for January, at 82.6, is up 1.2 percent from the previous 
month and 3.1 percent from January a year ago. The January all milk price of 
$16.60 per cwt is 20 cents higher than December and 50 cents higher than 
January 2018. 

Poultry and egg: At 115.1, the January index increased 5.8 percent from 
December and 3.5 percent from January 2018. The January market egg price, at 
80.0 cents per dozen, is 18.0 cents lower than December and 16.2 cents lower 
than January 2018. The January broiler price, at 58.0 cents per pound, is up 
7.0 cents from December and 5.0 cents from a year ago. At 51.0 cents per 
pound, the January turkey price is 1.2 cents higher than the previous month 
and 0.2 cent higher than January 2018.

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base - United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :             2011 Base             
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :  January  : December  :  January  
           Index Group          :   2018    :   2018    :   2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    85.5        88.9        84.9   
  Crop production ..............:    77.6        85.5        76.3   
    Grain and oilseed ..........:    64.8        64.4        64.7   
      Feed grain ...............:    55.2        59.2        59.4   
      Food grain ...............:    74.1        75.3        76.0   
      Oilseed ..................:    74.5        68.4        69.3   
    Fruit and tree nut .........:   137.2       125.9       123.8   
    Vegetable and melon ........:   101.4       152.6       118.2   
    Other crop .................:    70.0        73.4        74.0   
                                :                                   
  Livestock production .........:    94.5        92.0        97.9   
    Meat animal ................:    99.3        93.1        96.0   
      Cattle ...................:   105.7       102.8       106.3   
      Hog ......................:    78.9        65.3        67.1   
    Dairy ......................:    80.1        81.6        82.6   
    Poultry and egg ............:   111.2       108.8       115.1   
                                :                                   
Food commodity .................:    92.8        94.2        92.8   
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 1910-1914 Base - United States:
January 2019 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are
available at www.nass.usda.gov]
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :         1910 - 1914 Base          
                                :-----------------------------------
                                :  January  : December  :  January  
           Index Group          :   2018    :   2018    :   2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :              percent              
                                :                                   
Agricultural production ........:    883         918         876    
  Crop production ..............:    677         745         666    
  Livestock production .........:   1097        1069        1137    
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups -
United States: 2018 and 2019
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     : Agricultural  :     Crop      :   Livestock   :     Food      
               :  production   :  production   :  production   :  commodities  
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    percent         percent         percent         percent    
               :                                                               
January .......: 85.5    84.9    77.6    76.3    94.5    97.9     92.8   92.8  
February ......: 91.0            86.6            94.2             95.5         
March .........: 95.1            87.9            99.8            100.0         
April .........: 92.9            88.3            95.8             96.2         
May ...........: 94.7            88.9            98.3             98.2         
June ..........: 95.1            90.2            98.5             98.9         
July ..........: 91.3            86.3            95.4             94.9         
August ........: 88.6            87.7            89.3             92.0         
September .....: 87.2            85.9            88.3             90.7         
October .......: 84.5            79.1            91.3             88.8         
November ......: 87.7            83.0            92.4             94.0         
December ......: 88.9            85.5            92.0             94.2         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid Indexes, 2011 Base by Month for Selected Groups - United States:
2018 and 2019
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                           2011 Base                           
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
     Month     :   All items   :               :     Crop      :   Livestock   
               :    (PPITW)    :  Production   :    sector     :    sector     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------
               : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  : 2018  : 2019  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent --   -- percent -- 
               :                                                               
January .......: 108.2   109.3   105.4   106.2   109.5   110.8   106.8   107.7 
February ......: 109.0           106.3           109.7           108.1         
March .........: 109.0           106.3           109.9           108.0         
April .........: 108.6           106.1           109.7           107.5         
May ...........: 109.0           106.5           110.0           108.0         
June ..........: 108.7           106.1           110.0           107.3         
July ..........: 108.8           105.7           110.4           107.1         
August ........: 108.9           105.8           110.5           107.1         
September .....: 108.8           105.7           110.5           106.9         
October .......: 109.4           106.3           111.0           107.6         
November ......: 109.0           105.8           110.8           107.0         
December ......: 109.2           106.1           110.7           107.4         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  : January 2018 :December 2018 : January 2019 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Field crops                               :                                                           
 Austrian winter peas .........dollars/cwt:     19.50            (D)             (S)           (D)    
 Barley, all ...............dollars/bushel:      4.79           4.45            4.68          4.60    
  Feed .....................dollars/bushel:      4.59           3.01            3.30          3.01    
  Malting ..................dollars/bushel:      4.83           4.60            4.81          4.69    
 Beans, dry edible ............dollars/cwt:     34.60          28.20           24.40         25.10    
 Canola .......................dollars/cwt:     23.10          17.70           16.30         16.70    
 Chickpeas, all ...............dollars/cwt:     35.70          32.90           21.10         20.20    
  Large .......................dollars/cwt:     39.20          33.30           20.30         19.50    
  Small .......................dollars/cwt:     23.40          31.90           21.50         21.90    
 Corn ......................dollars/bushel:      6.02           3.29            3.54          3.56    
                                          :                                                           
 Cotton, Upland .............dollars/pound:     0.880          0.689           0.727         0.653    
 Cottonseed ...................dollars/ton:    131.00         139.00          163.00        165.00    
 Flaxseed ..................dollars/bushel:     14.20           9.40            9.66          9.75    
 Hay, all, baled ..............dollars/ton:    159.00         140.00          164.00        166.00    
  Alfalfa .....................dollars/ton:    176.00         153.00          180.00        181.00    
  Other .......................dollars/ton:    119.00         123.00          140.00        146.00    
 Lentils ......................dollars/cwt:     27.50          29.10           16.00         16.50    
 Oats ......................dollars/bushel:      3.42           3.29            2.77          2.70    
 Peanuts, in-shell ..........dollars/pound:     0.252          0.229           0.178         0.222    
                                          :                                                           
 Peas, dry edible .............dollars/cwt:     13.60          11.90           10.60         11.20    
 Rice, all ....................dollars/cwt:     13.70          13.70           11.90         12.40    
  Long ........................dollars/cwt:     12.30          11.60           10.70         10.90    
  Medium and short ............dollars/cwt:     18.40          17.70           15.40         15.70    
 Sorghum grain ................dollars/cwt:     10.70           5.76            5.68          5.71    
 Soybeans ..................dollars/bushel:     12.50           9.30            8.57          8.63    
 Sunflowers, all ..............dollars/cwt:     29.00          17.60           16.40         17.40    
                                          :                                                           
 Wheat, all ................dollars/bushel:      7.44           4.65            5.28          5.28    
  Winter ...................dollars/bushel:      6.93           4.15            5.24          5.25    
  Durum ....................dollars/bushel:      9.22           6.05            4.77          4.86    
  Other spring .............dollars/bushel:      8.33           5.72            5.38          5.37    
  Hard red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      7.07           3.91            5.11          5.03    
  Soft red winter ..........dollars/bushel:      6.77           4.74            5.23          5.27    
  Hard red spring ..........dollars/bushel:      8.38           5.84            5.38          5.36    
  White ....................dollars/bushel:      6.58           4.69            5.42          5.53    
                                          :                                                           
Fruits                                    :                                                           
 Citrus, equivalent on-tree               :                                                           
  Grapefruit ..................dollars/box:      7.47          15.88           16.31         13.83    
  Lemons ......................dollars/box:     12.30          30.17           25.44         21.84    
  Oranges .....................dollars/box:      8.16          15.06           10.68         10.23    
                                          :                                                           
 Non-citrus, fresh                        :                                                           
  Apples 1/ .................dollars/pound:     0.325          0.375           0.414         0.415    
  Grapes 1/ ...................dollars/ton:    628.00            (S)        1,140.00           (S)    
  Peaches 1/ ..................dollars/ton:    507.00            (S)             (S)           (S)    
  Pears 1/ ....................dollars/ton:    559.00         879.00          614.00        574.00    
  Strawberries ................dollars/cwt:    104.00         169.00             (S)        222.00    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                      
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                          
1/  Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York (apples only),            
    Pennsylvania (apples only), and Washington (apples, peaches, and pears). Prices as sold for other 
    states.                                                                                           

Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
[Price data source for potato, livestock, and poultry commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :     2011     :              :              :              
                 Commodity                :  Base Price  : January 2018 :December 2018 : January 2019 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                                                           
Vegetables, fresh 1/                      :                                                           
 Asparagus ....................dollars/cwt:      37.50            (S)           (S)             (S)   
 Beans, snap ..................dollars/cwt:      69.00         101.00         62.80           57.90   
 Broccoli .....................dollars/cwt:      41.60          45.00         85.50           56.20   
 Cantaloupes ..................dollars/cwt:      16.50            (S)         39.00             (S)   
 Carrots ......................dollars/cwt:      30.80          31.40         26.40           26.50   
 Cauliflower ..................dollars/cwt:      47.00          47.80         74.80           79.00   
 Celery .......................dollars/cwt:      22.50          20.80         46.60           52.10   
 Corn, sweet ..................dollars/cwt:      30.70          35.40         31.70           35.70   
 Cucumbers ....................dollars/cwt:      18.70          41.10         36.70           37.40   
 Lettuce ......................dollars/cwt:      24.30          26.00         74.80           33.80   
 Onions 2/ ....................dollars/cwt:      11.90          15.00         10.90           14.20   
 Potatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      14.30          11.30          9.37            9.88   
 Tomatoes .....................dollars/cwt:      51.20          47.90         57.20           53.30   
                                          :                                                           
Livestock                                 :                                                           
 Calves .......................dollars/cwt:     142.00         174.00        166.00          169.00   
 Cattle, all beef .............dollars/cwt:     115.00         120.00        117.00          121.00   
  Cows 3/ .....................dollars/cwt:      71.60          63.30         51.80           54.20   
  Steers and heifers ..........dollars/cwt:     117.00         123.00        119.00          124.00   
 Milk cows 4/ ................dollars/head:   1,420.00       1,520.00          (NA)        1,140.00   
 Hogs, all ....................dollars/cwt:      66.50          52.50         43.40           44.60   
  Barrows and gilts ...........dollars/cwt:      66.80          52.90         43.60           45.00   
  Sows ........................dollars/cwt:      57.90          40.40         38.00           32.30   
                                          :                                                           
Dairy and poultry                         :                                                           
 Milk, all 5/ .................dollars/cwt:      20.10          16.10         16.40           16.60   
  Fat test ........................percent:       3.71           3.97          4.02            4.02   
 Broilers, live 6/ ..........dollars/pound:      0.459          0.530         0.510           0.580   
 Eggs, all 7/ ...............dollars/dozen:      0.969           1.15          1.17            1.01   
  Market 7/ 8/ ..............dollars/dozen:      0.796          0.962         0.980           0.800   
 Turkeys, live 9/ ...........dollars/pound:      0.680          0.508         0.498           0.510   
                                          :                                                           
Adjusted for seasonal variation           :                                                           
 Eggs, all ..................dollars/dozen:      0.979           1.09         0.956           0.945   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        101            105           122             107   
 Milk, all ....................dollars/cwt:      20.20          16.00         15.80           16.40   
  Seasonal factor .................percent:        100            101           104             101   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                   
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                         
1/   Point of first sale.                                                                             
2/   Includes some processing.                                                                        
3/   Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter.                                                
4/   Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and     
     October.                                                                                         
5/   Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling  
     subsidies.                                                                                       
6/   Live weight equivalent price.                                                                    
7/   Mid-month price.                                                                                 
8/   Also referred to as table eggs.                                                                  
9/   Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning   
     January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis.

Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month - United States: 2019 with Comparisons
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :             All wheat             :               Corn                :             Soybeans              
    Month   :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                                            dollars per bushel                                             
            :                                                                                                           
January ....:   4.01        4.65        5.28        3.40        3.29        3.56        9.71        9.30        8.63    
February ...:   4.16        4.92                    3.44        3.38                    9.86        9.50                
March ......:   4.37        5.10                    3.49        3.51                    9.69        9.81                
April ......:   4.16        5.28                    3.43        3.58                    9.33        9.85                
May ........:   4.05        5.39                    3.45        3.68                    9.29        9.84                
June .......:   4.37        5.17                    3.43        3.58                    9.10        9.55                
July .......:   4.77        5.00                    3.49        3.47                    9.42        9.08                
August .....:   4.84        5.30                    3.27        3.36                    9.24        8.59                
September ..:   4.65        5.15                    3.27        3.39                    9.35        8.77                
October ....:   4.64        5.22                    3.26        3.41                    9.18        8.58                
November ...:   4.72        5.23                    3.15        3.41                    9.22        8.37                
December ...:   4.50        5.28                    3.23        3.54                    9.30        8.57                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month - United States: 2019
with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock commodities is United States Department of
Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :          Beef cattle 1/           :            All hogs 2/            
   Month  :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
          :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                            dollars per cwt                            
          :                                                                       
January ..:  117.00      120.00      121.00       48.10       52.50       44.60   
February .:  119.00      125.00                   54.40       54.60               
March ....:  125.00      125.00                   53.00       50.00               
April ....:  128.00      119.00                   48.40       45.30               
May ......:  136.00      120.00                   53.60       51.50               
June .....:  132.00      112.00                   62.10       59.10               
July .....:  120.00      110.00                   67.30       58.60               
August ...:  114.00      110.00                   61.50       44.30               
September :  105.00      108.00                   48.90       43.20               
October ..:  109.00      110.00                   47.30       50.30               
November .:  119.00      113.00                   50.00       46.20               
December .:  118.00      117.00                   48.60       43.40               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Cows and steers & heifers.                                                     
2/ Barrows & gilts and sows.                                                      

Prices Received for All Wheat - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        3.62                4.74                4.77       
Idaho ..............:        4.68                5.34                5.06       
Illinois ...........:        5.07                5.01                5.20       
Indiana ............:        4.62                5.37                5.46       
Kansas .............:        3.90                4.75                4.90       
Michigan ...........:        4.43                5.18                5.35       
Minnesota ..........:        5.75                5.61                5.57       
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:        4.70                5.06                5.24       
Montana ............:        5.34                5.36                5.33       
Nebraska ...........:        3.61                4.44                4.74       
North Carolina .....:        5.11                5.47                5.41       
North Dakota .......:        5.72                5.22                5.16       
Ohio ...............:        4.52                5.09                5.17       
Oklahoma ...........:        3.70                4.71                4.87       
Oregon .............:        5.10                5.89                5.88       
South Dakota .......:        5.21                5.22                5.26       
Texas ..............:         (D)                5.05                5.53       
Washington .........:        4.81                5.56                5.61       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.65                5.28                5.28       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.               
                                                                                
Prices Received for Winter Wheat - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        3.62                4.74                4.77       
Idaho ..............:        4.52                5.28                5.09       
Illinois ...........:        5.07                5.01                5.20       
Indiana ............:        4.62                5.37                5.46       
Kansas .............:        3.90                4.75                4.90       
Michigan ...........:        4.43                5.18                5.35       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Missouri ...........:        4.70                5.06                5.24       
                    :                                                           
Montana ............:        4.74                5.36                5.14       
Nebraska ...........:        3.61                4.44                4.74       
North Carolina .....:        5.11                5.47                5.41       
North Dakota .......:        3.76                3.94                4.38       
Ohio ...............:        4.52                5.09                5.17       
Oklahoma ...........:        3.70                4.71                4.87       
Oregon .............:        5.06                5.87                5.87       
South Dakota .......:        4.71                5.08                5.07       
Texas ..............:         (D)                5.05                5.53       
Washington .........:        4.72                5.52                5.58       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.15                5.24                5.25       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Durum Wheat - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
California .........:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:         (D)                5.31                5.27       
North Dakota .......:        5.96                4.61                4.79       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        6.05                4.77                4.86       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Spring Wheat - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Colorado ...........:         (S)                 (D)                 (D)       
Idaho ..............:        5.03                5.47                5.00       
Minnesota ..........:        5.75                5.61                5.57       
Montana ............:        6.42                5.36                5.69       
North Dakota .......:        5.68                5.29                5.22       
Oregon .............:        5.41                6.05                5.94       
South Dakota .......:        5.99                5.28                5.44       
Washington .........:        5.37                5.78                5.79       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.72                5.38                5.37       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Oats - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Illinois ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Iowa ...............:        2.75                3.40                3.82       
Michigan ...........:        3.14                3.28                3.86       
Minnesota ..........:        2.11                2.35                 (D)       
Montana ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
New York ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
North Dakota .......:        2.41                2.65                2.52       
Oregon .............:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Pennsylvania .......:         (D)                 (D)                4.34       
South Dakota .......:        2.66                2.71                2.70       
Texas ..............:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Wisconsin ..........:        3.13                3.26                3.24       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.29                2.77                2.70       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for All Barley - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                4.67                4.66       
Idaho ..............:        4.44                5.17                5.00       
Minnesota ..........:        4.39                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.34                4.62                4.48       
North Dakota .......:        4.43                4.38                4.25       
Washington .........:        2.92                3.20                3.05       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.45                4.68                4.60       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Malting Barley - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Colorado ...........:        4.97                4.67                4.66       
Idaho ..............:        4.59                5.28                5.07       
Minnesota ..........:        4.41                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:        4.45                4.63                4.52       
North Dakota .......:        4.63                4.61                4.30       
Washington .........:         (S)                 (S)                 (D)       
Wyoming ............:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        4.60                4.81                4.69       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Feed Barley - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (S)                 (S)       
Idaho ..............:        2.86                3.32                3.32       
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (S)       
Montana ............:        2.60                3.85                3.00       
North Dakota .......:        2.98                3.29                2.55       
Washington .........:        2.92                3.20                2.98       
Wyoming ............:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        3.01                3.30                3.01       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sorghum Grain - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:         (S)                 (D)                 (S)       
Kansas .............:        5.79                5.61                5.64       
Louisiana ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Missouri ...........:        5.39                6.30                6.72       
Nebraska ...........:        5.70                5.38                5.35       
Oklahoma ...........:        5.98                5.99                5.95       
Texas ..............:        5.60                6.08                6.04       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        5.76                5.68                5.71       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Corn - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          State         :   January 2018   :  December 2018   :   January 2019   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        :                   dollars per bushel                   
                        :                                                        
Alabama ................:        3.99               4.19               3.99      
Alaska .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Arizona ................:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Arkansas ...............:        3.81               3.78               3.83      
California .............:         (D)                (D)                (S)      
Colorado ...............:        3.32               3.51               3.59      
Connecticut ............:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Delaware ...............:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Florida ................:         (D)                (S)                (S)      
Georgia ................:        4.37                (D)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
Hawaii .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
Idaho ..................:        3.98               4.40               4.48      
Illinois ...............:        3.35               3.60               3.58      
Indiana ................:        3.54               3.71               3.76      
Iowa ...................:        3.24               3.53               3.52      
Kansas .................:        3.20               3.58               3.61      
Kentucky ...............:        3.72               3.84               3.85      
Louisiana ..............:        3.59                (D)               3.96      
Maine ..................:         (D)                (S)                (S)      
Maryland ...............:        3.60               3.95               4.84      
                        :                                                        
Massachusetts ..........:         (D)                (S)                (S)      
Michigan ...............:        3.34               3.48               3.63      
Minnesota ..............:        3.06               3.40               3.36      
Mississippi ............:        3.62               3.90               3.89      
Missouri ...............:        3.33               3.63               3.69      
Montana ................:         (D)                (D)                (S)      
Nebraska ...............:        3.24               3.49               3.53      
Nevada .................:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
New Hampshire ..........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
New Jersey .............:         (D)                (S)                (D)      
                        :                                                        
New Mexico .............:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
New York ...............:        4.05               4.26               4.09      
North Carolina .........:        4.47               4.26               4.56      
North Dakota ...........:        2.87               3.17               3.20      
Ohio ...................:        3.54               3.63               3.69      
Oklahoma ...............:        3.60               3.86               3.90      
Oregon .................:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Pennsylvania ...........:        3.84               4.25               4.21      
Rhode Island ...........:         (S)                (S)                (S)      
South Carolina .........:        4.38               4.98                (D)      
                        :                                                        
South Dakota ...........:        2.98               3.28               3.31      
Tennessee ..............:        3.63               3.86               3.81      
Texas ..................:        3.68               4.07               4.24      
Utah ...................:         (D)               4.61                (S)      
Vermont ................:         (D)                (S)                (S)      
Virginia ...............:        4.16               4.24               4.19      
Washington .............:        3.97               4.29                (D)      
West Virginia ..........:         (D)                (D)                (D)      
Wisconsin ..............:        3.16               3.42               3.42      
Wyoming ................:         (D)                (D)                (S)      
                        :                                                        
United States 1/ .......:        3.29               3.54               3.56      
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                 
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                     
1/  United States price includes Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,      
    Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North     
    Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin.   

Prices Received for Soybeans - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
Arkansas ...........:       9.85                9.00                8.96        
Illinois ...........:       9.57                8.81                8.87        
Indiana ............:       9.61                8.94                8.91        
Iowa ...............:       9.15                8.40                8.60        
Kansas .............:       8.90                7.98                8.10        
Kentucky ...........:       9.66                8.81                9.06        
Louisiana ..........:       9.65                9.05                8.60        
Michigan ...........:       9.31                8.51                8.62        
Minnesota ..........:       9.13                8.54                8.38        
Mississippi ........:       9.51                9.17                8.68        
                    :                                                           
Missouri ...........:       9.39                8.60                8.75        
Nebraska ...........:       9.02                8.18                8.29        
North Carolina .....:       9.42                8.57                9.03        
North Dakota .......:       8.81                8.10                8.05        
Ohio ...............:       9.63                8.66                9.02        
South Dakota .......:       8.88                8.19                8.08        
Tennessee ..........:       9.70                8.71                8.99        
Wisconsin ..........:       9.21                8.63                8.49        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       9.30                8.57                8.63        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Dry Beans - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
California .........:       56.20               63.00               86.00       
Colorado ...........:         (D)                 (D)               24.00       
Idaho ..............:       25.90               22.30               24.90       
Michigan ...........:       32.40               30.50               30.30       
Minnesota ..........:       30.30                 (S)                 (D)       
Nebraska ...........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
North Dakota .......:       24.20               22.60               22.90       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       28.20               24.40               25.10       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
Alabama ............:        0.232              0.196               0.203       
Arkansas ...........:        0.214              0.153               0.076       
Florida ............:        0.236              0.194               0.209       
Georgia ............:        0.225              0.167               0.199       
Mississippi ........:        0.211              0.074               0.045       
New Mexico .........:          (S)              0.229               0.537       
North Carolina .....:        0.223              0.216               0.219       
Oklahoma ...........:        0.256              0.218               0.223       
South Carolina .....:        0.229              0.201               0.216       
Texas ..............:        0.277              0.236               0.321       
Virginia ...........:        0.233              0.230               0.225       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        0.229              0.178               0.222       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Sunflower - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Kansas .............:       17.00                 (D)                 (D)       
Minnesota ..........:       18.10               19.00               18.70       
North Dakota .......:       17.80               17.10               17.60       
South Dakota .......:       17.60               15.60               16.60       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       17.60               16.40               17.40       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                

Prices Received for Canola - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      dollars per cwt                      
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:         (D)                 (D)                 (D)       
Montana ............:       17.00               13.70               13.50       
North Dakota .......:       17.70               16.40               16.70       
Oklahoma ...........:         (S)                 (S)                 (S)       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       17.70               16.30               16.70       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Flaxseed - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                    dollars per bushel                     
                    :                                                           
North Dakota .......:       9.40                9.66                9.75        
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       9.40                9.66                9.75        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
[Cottonseed marketing year August - February]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :             Cotton, Upland              :               Cottonseed                
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   January   :  December   :   January   :   January   :  December   :   January   
                    :    2018     :    2018     :    2019     :    2018     :    2018     :    2019     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   -------- dollars per pound --------       --------- dollars per ton --------    
                    :                                                                                   
Alabama ............:     0.729         0.739         0.663       107.00        126.00        125.00    
Arizona ............:       (D)           (D)           (D)       142.00        237.00        229.00    
Arkansas ...........:     0.713         0.706         0.723          (S)           (D)        140.00    
California .........:       (D)           (S)           (S)       138.00           (D)           (D)    
Georgia ............:     0.747         0.780         0.716       131.00        118.00        117.00    
Louisiana ..........:     0.721         0.740         0.724          (S)           (D)        180.00    
Mississippi ........:     0.717         0.742         0.696          (S)        165.00        165.00    
North Carolina .....:     0.732         0.750         0.735          (D)        130.00        128.00    
Tennessee ..........:       (D)         0.723         0.520          (S)           (D)           (S)    
Texas ..............:     0.677         0.724         0.635       143.00        167.00        167.00    
                    :                                                                                   
United States ......:     0.689         0.727         0.653       139.00        163.00        165.00    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                        
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                            

Prices Received and Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice - United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item               :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   :                                                           
Cotton, Upland                     :                                                           
  Average price ......dollars/pound:       0.689               0.727               0.653       
  Marketings 1/ ........1,000 bales:       3,058               2,705               2,377       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, all                          :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       13.70               11.90               12.40       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:      20,835              16,278              19,986       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, long                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       11.60               10.70               10.90       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:      13,668              12,144              13,855       
                                   :                                                           
Rice, medium and short             :                                                           
California                         :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       20.40               17.50               16.80       
                                   :                                                           
Other States 3/                    :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       11.50               12.00               12.30       
                                   :                                                           
United States                      :                                                           
  Average price ........dollars/cwt:       17.70               15.40               15.70       
  Marketings 2/ ..........1,000 cwt:       7,167               4,134               6,131       
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Marketings based on a survey of cotton buyers in the major producing States - Alabama,      
   Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee,  
   and Texas.                                                                                  
2/ Purchases by private firms and rice (rough equivalent) shipped by cooperatives.             
3/ Other States include Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas.                 

Prices Received for Hay by Type - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :            All hay             :          Alfalfa hay           :           Other hay            
         State        :--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      : January  : December : January  : January  : December : January  : January  : December : January  
                      :   2018   :   2018   :   2019   :   2018   :   2018   :   2019   :   2018   :   2018   :   2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      :                                         dollars per ton                                          
                      :                                                                                                  
Alabama 1/ ...........:  102.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     102.00        (S)        (S)  
Alaska 1/ ............:  340.00     360.00     360.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Arizona ..............:  181.00     200.00     200.00     180.00     200.00     200.00     190.00     200.00     200.00  
Arkansas 1/ ..........:   96.00     109.00        (S)     187.00        (S)        (S)      95.00        (S)        (S)  
California ...........:  183.00     200.00     205.00     200.00     210.00     220.00     140.00     165.00     165.00  
Colorado .............:  176.00     235.00     240.00     175.00     235.00     240.00     185.00     235.00     240.00  
Connecticut 1/ .......:  200.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     176.00        (S)        (S)  
Delaware 1/ ..........:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Florida 1/ ...........:  176.00     162.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Georgia 1/ ...........:   93.00      87.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
Hawaii 1/ ............:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Idaho ................:  138.00     165.00     166.00     135.00     165.00     165.00     160.00     170.00     170.00  
Illinois .............:  140.00     156.00     159.00     155.00     170.00     170.00      95.00     125.00     130.00  
Indiana 1/ ...........:  175.00     167.00     167.00     205.00     195.00     195.00     160.00     140.00     140.00  
Iowa .................:  111.00     138.00     122.00     116.00     145.00     127.00     102.00     128.00     114.00  
Kansas ...............:  118.00     145.00     148.00     135.00     172.00     171.00      79.00      95.00      95.00  
Kentucky .............:  135.00     166.00     166.00     210.00     220.00     220.00     115.00     150.00     150.00  
Louisiana 1/ .........:   94.00     101.00     100.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Maine 1/ .............:  161.00     142.00        (S)     178.00        (S)        (S)     150.00        (S)        (S)  
Maryland 1/ ..........:  129.00     151.00        (S)     160.00     175.00        (S)     116.00     140.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
Massachusetts 1/ .....:  146.00     203.00        (S)     222.00        (S)        (S)     132.00        (S)        (S)  
Michigan .............:  171.00     164.00     164.00     180.00     175.00     175.00     150.00     145.00     145.00  
Minnesota ............:  109.00     140.00     149.00     118.00     155.00     167.00      82.00     112.00     116.00  
Mississippi 1/ .......:   89.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Missouri .............:  102.00     120.00     123.00     150.00     160.00     155.00      90.00     110.00     115.00  
Montana ..............:  134.00     143.00     143.00     135.00     145.00     145.00     130.00     130.00     135.00  
Nebraska .............:   95.00     104.00     109.00     102.00     115.00     116.00      77.00      78.00      90.00  
Nevada ...............:  186.00     170.00     180.00     190.00     170.00     180.00     145.00     175.00     180.00  
New Hampshire 1/ .....:  166.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)     150.00        (S)        (S)  
New Jersey 1/ ........:     (S)     213.00        (S)        (S)     220.00        (S)        (S)     210.00        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
New Mexico ...........:  168.00     240.00     245.00     170.00     255.00     260.00     155.00     160.00     165.00  
New York .............:  146.00     161.00     176.00     238.00     185.00     200.00     137.00     152.00     167.00  
North Carolina 1/ ....:  116.00     122.00     122.00     215.00        (S)        (S)     115.00        (S)        (S)  
North Dakota .........:  103.00      89.00      90.00     108.00      91.00      95.00      79.00      76.00      68.00  
Ohio .................:  135.00     156.00     156.00     180.00     185.00     185.00     110.00     130.00     130.00  
Oklahoma .............:   81.00     109.00     108.00     148.00     190.00     198.00      72.00     104.00      97.00  
Oregon ...............:  169.00     192.00     190.00     180.00     200.00     195.00     150.00     180.00     180.00  
Pennsylvania .........:  180.00     210.00     220.00     186.00     231.00     241.00     179.00     205.00     215.00  
Rhode Island 1/ ......:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
South Carolina 1/ ....:  152.00        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
                      :                                                                                                  
South Dakota .........:  115.00     101.00     108.00     128.00     107.00     115.00      94.00      90.00      97.00  
Tennessee 1/ .........:  121.00     132.00     132.00     215.00     235.00        (S)     120.00     130.00        (S)  
Texas ................:  108.00     130.00     135.00     186.00     210.00     214.00     102.00     119.00     126.00  
Utah .................:  140.00     180.00     185.00     140.00     180.00     185.00     120.00     135.00     140.00  
Vermont 1/ ...........:  168.00     131.00        (S)        (S)     165.00        (S)     164.00     130.00        (S)  
Virginia 1/ ..........:  136.00     151.00     151.00     215.00     215.00     215.00     130.00     140.00     140.00  
Washington ...........:  175.00     185.00     185.00     155.00     185.00     185.00     220.00     185.00     185.00  
West Virginia 1/ .....:     (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)        (S)  
Wisconsin ............:  123.00     179.00     182.00     130.00     186.00     187.00      94.00     155.00     158.00  
Wyoming ..............:  143.00     166.00     168.00     145.00     175.00     175.00     130.00     145.00     145.00  
                      :                                                                                                  
United States 2/ .....:  140.00     164.00     166.00     153.00     180.00     181.00     123.00     140.00     146.00  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                             
1/  States added September 2017.                                                                                         
2/  United States price includes Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan,       
    Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon,          
    Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.                                         

Prices Received for Apples - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
[Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York,
Pennsylvania, and Washington. Prices at point of first sale for other States]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     Apples, fresh use                     
        State       :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :   January 2018    :   December 2018   :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per pound                     
                    :                                                           
California .........:          (S)                 (S)                 (S)      
Michigan ...........:        0.395               0.415               0.370      
New York ...........:        0.374               0.404               0.382      
Pennsylvania .......:        0.320               0.412               0.419      
Virginia ...........:        0.320               0.280               0.300      
Washington .........:        0.379               0.418               0.428      
                    :                                                           
United States ......:        0.375               0.414               0.415      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                    

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: January 2018
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)           (S)           (D)           (S)           (S)           (D)           (S)    
  Florida, all ......................:    36.80         18.80         26.41         13.60         15.49         23.63          9.92    
    White ...........................:    39.80         17.83         29.45         13.60         14.61         26.75         10.20    
    Red .............................:    36.20         19.11         25.85         13.60         15.76         23.05          9.80    
  Texas .............................:    34.30         13.94         22.70           (D)         12.39         21.09           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    36.20         19.14         26.18         13.60         15.88         23.45          9.92    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)    
  California ........................:    55.50         37.10         45.47           (D)         30.85         38.95           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    55.20         36.41         45.13           (D)         30.17         38.61           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    38.90         25.87         28.98           (D)         23.09         26.22           (D)    
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:    38.90         25.87         28.98           (D)         23.09         26.22           (D)    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
  Florida, all ......................:    33.00         12.23         22.21         11.70          9.17         18.91          8.65    
    Early and mids ..................:    32.30         12.13         21.50         11.70          9.07         18.20          8.65    
    Valencia ........................:    37.00           (S)         26.20           (S)           (S)         22.95           (S)    
  Texas, all ........................:    30.40         14.94         18.80           (D)         13.15         16.97           (D)    
    Early and mids ..................:    30.40         14.94         18.80           (D)         13.15         16.97           (D)    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    38.50         18.00         28.49         10.83         15.06         25.69          7.78    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: December 2018
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)         24.20           (D)           (S)         21.74           (D)           (S)    
  Florida, all ......................:    35.70         20.46         25.35         14.06         17.27         22.56         10.34    
    White ...........................:    34.40         18.58         24.05         13.90         15.50         21.35         10.50    
    Red .............................:    35.90         20.83         25.55         14.10         17.62         22.75         10.30    
  Texas .............................:    38.40         15.43         26.80           (D)         13.89         25.19           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    36.00         18.69         25.70          7.71         16.31         23.45          5.14    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)    
  California ........................:    48.40         32.57         38.17           (D)         26.16         31.52           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    48.80         31.80         38.53           (D)         25.44         31.88           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    32.50         18.60         22.38           (D)         15.74         19.56           (D)    
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:    32.50         18.60         22.38           (D)         15.74         19.56           (D)    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
  Florida, all ......................:    31.30         11.74         20.50         11.40          8.69         17.20          8.35    
    Early and mids ..................:    31.30         11.74         20.50         11.40          8.69         17.20          8.35    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
  Texas, all ........................:    31.40         12.93         19.80           (D)         11.17         17.97           (D)    
    Early and mids ..................:    31.40         12.93         19.80           (D)         11.17         17.97           (D)    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    32.30         13.66         22.07         10.59         10.68         19.25          7.56    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization - States and United States: January 2019
[Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :                                Equivalent returns                                 
              Commodity,             :     FOB     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                State,               :   packed    :            Packinghouse door            :                 On-tree                 
               and type              :    fresh    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :             :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   :     All     :    Fresh    :   Process   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     :                                         dollars per box                                         
                                     :                                                                                                 
Grapefruit                           :                                                                                                 
  California ........................:      (D)         22.60           (D)           (S)         20.14           (D)           (S)    
  Florida, all ......................:    33.70         18.30         23.31         14.91         14.97         20.53         11.20    
    White ...........................:    31.10         16.25         20.75         13.90         13.09         18.05         10.50    
    Red .............................:    34.20         18.82         23.85         15.20         15.44         21.05         11.40    
  Texas .............................:    36.90         12.93         25.30           (D)         11.40         23.69           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    34.40         16.28         24.05          8.81         13.83         21.84          6.13    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Lemons                               :                                                                                                 
  Arizona ...........................:      (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)           (D)    
  California ........................:    44.60         28.76         34.37           (D)         22.38         27.72           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    44.90         28.18         34.67           (D)         21.84         28.02           (D)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
Oranges                              :                                                                                                 
  California, all ...................:    29.00         15.15         18.88           (D)         12.29         16.06           (D)    
    Navel and miscellaneous .........:    29.00         15.15         18.88           (D)         12.29         16.06           (D)    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
  Florida, all ......................:    29.40         12.36         18.61         12.20          9.31         15.31          9.15    
    Early and mids ..................:    29.30         12.35         18.50         12.20          9.30         15.20          9.15    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
  Texas, all ........................:    33.30         13.92         21.70           (D)         12.16         19.87           (D)    
    Early and mids ..................:    33.30         13.92         21.70           (D)         12.16         19.87           (D)    
    Valencia ........................:      (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)           (S)    
                                     :                                                                                                 
  United States .....................:    29.20         13.21         18.98         11.15         10.23         16.17          8.12    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                                       
(S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.                                                                           

Prices Received for All Milk - States and United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
[Before deduction for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes
hauling subsidies]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :      January 2018       :      December 2018      :       January 2019        
        State       :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     :Fat test :     Price     : Fat test  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt  percent  dollars per cwt   percent  
                    :                                                                               
Arizona ............:     15.10        3.70         16.00        3.78         16.30         3.80    
California .........:     15.06        3.94         16.05        3.98         16.25         4.03    
Colorado ...........:     16.70        3.82         17.10        3.89         17.10         3.87    
Florida ............:     20.40        3.77         20.10        3.71         20.30         3.66    
Idaho ..............:     15.20        4.04         16.00        4.13         15.70         4.09    
Illinois ...........:     16.60        4.00         16.40        4.06         16.50         4.03    
Indiana ............:     16.10        3.92         16.80        3.88         16.70         4.00    
Iowa ...............:     16.30        4.05         16.30        4.07         16.30         4.05    
Kansas .............:     16.20        3.99         15.30        4.04         15.70         4.02    
Michigan ...........:     14.90        3.80         15.60        3.79         15.70         3.89    
                    :                                                                               
Minnesota ..........:     15.90        4.05         16.30        4.12         16.50         4.13    
New Mexico .........:     15.60        3.83         14.70        3.87         15.00         3.84    
New York ...........:     16.70        3.97         17.40        4.01         17.50         3.99    
Ohio ...............:     16.80        3.94         17.20        3.94         17.30         3.99    
Oregon .............:     18.10        4.17         19.00        4.25         18.70         4.20    
Pennsylvania .......:     17.00        3.95         17.60        3.98         17.70         3.94    
South Dakota .......:     17.00        4.27         17.00        4.33         17.30         4.33    
Texas ..............:     17.70        4.24         16.80        4.32         17.00         4.30    
Utah ...............:     16.20        3.97         16.30        4.07         16.30         4.02    
Vermont ............:     16.90        3.96         17.80        4.06         17.90         4.04    
                    :                                                                               
Virginia ...........:     18.30        3.93         18.10        3.95         18.40         3.89    
Washington .........:     16.70        4.17         17.40        4.25         17.40         4.20    
Wisconsin ..........:     16.30        3.98         16.00        4.00         16.20         3.99    
                    :                                                                               
United States ......:     16.10        3.97         16.40        4.02         16.60         4.02    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Milk Cows - States and United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
[Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Quarterly United States milk cow
prices are based on revised milk cow inventory]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :   January 2018    :   October 2018    :   January 2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                     dollars per head                      
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:       1,700               1,450               1,250       
California .........:       1,500               1,200               1,100       
Colorado ...........:       1,650               1,350               1,200       
Florida ............:       1,530               1,260               1,200       
Idaho ..............:       1,600               1,350               1,250       
Illinois ...........:       1,500               1,210               1,120       
Indiana ............:       1,450               1,100               1,050       
Iowa ...............:       1,440               1,170               1,080       
Kansas .............:       1,600               1,400               1,300       
Michigan ...........:       1,500               1,200               1,180       
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:       1,400               1,050               1,050       
New Mexico .........:       1,750               1,450               1,250       
New York ...........:       1,450               1,100               1,040       
Ohio ...............:       1,450               1,050               1,000       
Oregon .............:       1,800               1,400               1,350       
Pennsylvania .......:       1,440               1,150               1,050       
South Dakota .......:       1,500               1,270               1,120       
Texas ..............:       1,600               1,450               1,300       
Utah ...............:       1,600               1,300               1,100       
Vermont ............:       1,650               1,250               1,100       
                    :                                                           
Virginia ...........:       1,370               1,120                 970       
Washington .........:       1,600               1,300               1,200       
Wisconsin ..........:       1,470               1,180               1,120       
                    :                                                           
United States ......:       1,520               1,230               1,140       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price - United States: January 2019
with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity price
computations. Parity data not available for blank cells. Primary source of data for livestock and
milk prices is United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Marketing Service]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :         :        Parity price         :      Price as percent       
                              :Adjusted :         :                   :          of parity          
      Commodity and unit      :  base   :-----------------------------------------------------------
                              :  price  : January :December : January : January :December : January 
                              :         :  2018   :  2018   :  2019   :  2018   :  2018   :  2019   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :  ------------- dollars -------------      ------- percent ------    
                              :                                                                     
Basic commodities             :                                                                     
  All wheat ............bushel:  0.571     17.60     17.70     16.90      26        30        31    
  Rice ....................cwt:   1.34     39.90     40.20     39.60      34        30        31    
  Corn .................bushel:  0.439     13.20     13.30     13.00      25        27        27    
  Cotton                      :                                                                     
    Upland ..............pound:  0.069      2.00      2.01      2.04      34        36        32    
    American Pima .......pound:  0.136      3.99      4.02      4.02      35        35        35    
  Peanuts ...............pound:  0.023     0.675     0.680     0.680      34        26        33    
  Small chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   2.42     70.70     71.20     71.60      45        30        31    
  Large chickpeas 1/ ......cwt:   3.26     96.60     97.20     96.40      34        21        20    
  Lentils 1/ ..............cwt:   2.56     77.80     78.30     75.70      37        20        22    
                              :                                                                     
Designated non-basic          :                                                                     
  All milk, to plants 2/ ..cwt:   1.76     52.20     52.60     52.10      31        30        31    
  Honey, extracted 3/ ...pound:  0.186      5.14      5.17      5.50      42        42        39    
                              :                                                                     
Wool and mohair               :                                                                     
  Wool ..................pound:  0.140      3.87      3.90      4.14      38        38        42    
  Mohair ................pound:  0.426     11.90     12.00     12.60      42        41        42    
                              :                                                                     
Other non-basic               :                                                                     
  Apples, fresh 4/ ......pound:  0.035     1.030     1.030     1.040      36        40        40    
  Barley ...............bushel:  0.503     14.90     15.00     14.90      30        31        31    
  Canola ..................cwt:   1.88     55.20     55.60     55.60      32        29        30    
  Cottonseed ..............ton:  20.20    593.00    597.00    598.00      23        27        28    
  Dry edible beans ........cwt:   3.20     96.00     96.60     94.70      29        25        27    
  Flaxseed .............bushel:   1.09     33.80     34.00     32.20      28        28        30    
  Oats .................bushel:  0.288      8.57      8.63      8.52      38        32        32    
  Potatoes, fresh .........cwt:   1.11     32.60     32.80     32.80      35        29        30    
  Sorghum grain ...........cwt:  0.742     22.30     22.50     21.90      26        25        26    
  Soybeans .............bushel:   1.09     32.60     32.80     32.20      29        26        27    
  Sunflower, all ..........cwt:   2.10     64.00     64.40     62.10      28        25        28    
                              :                                                                     
 Citrus (equivalent on-tree)  :                                                                     
  Grapefruit ..............box:  0.738     21.70     21.80     21.80      73        75        63    
  Lemons ..................box:   1.87     54.90     55.30     55.30      55        46        39    
  Oranges .................box:  0.910     26.70     26.90     26.90      56        40        38    
                              :                                                                     
 Livestock and poultry        :                                                                     
  Beef cattle .............cwt:  11.70    335.00    337.00    346.00      36        35        35    
  Broilers ..............pound:  0.052      1.50      1.51      1.54      35        34        38    
  Calves ..................cwt:  17.00    484.00    488.00    503.00      36        34        34    
  Eggs 2/ ...............dozen:  0.102      2.96      2.98      3.02      37        32        31    
  Hogs ....................cwt:   5.69    166.00    167.00    168.00      32        26        27    
  Turkeys, live .........pound:  0.066     1.940     1.950     1.950      26        26        26    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Parity prices began January 2015.                                                                
2/ Seasonally adjusted price as percentage of parity price.                                         
3/ Wholesale extracted. Adjusted base price derived from state annual averages prices weighted by   
   production. For 1982 through 1985 the national averages are the support prices.                  
4/ Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York, Oregon, and Washington. Price at  
   point of first sale for other states.                                                            

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the
Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956.
See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :             :              Parity price               
                                          :  Adjusted   :             :             :             
            Commodity and unit            :    base     :-----------------------------------------
                                          :    price    :   January   :  December   :   January   
                                          :             :    2018     :    2018     :    2019     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          :                        dollars                        
                                          :                                                       
Field crops and miscellaneous             :                                                       
  Hops ..............................pound:    0.406          11.60         11.60         12.00   
  Mustard seed ........................cwt:     3.30          97.70         97.50         97.60   
  Rapeseed ............................cwt:     2.71          79.80         80.10         80.20   
  Rye ..............................bushel:    0.627          18.50         18.50         18.50   
  Safflower ...........................cwt:     2.24          65.70         66.20         66.30   
  Spearmint oil .....................pound:     1.73          50.80         51.10         51.20   
  Sweet potatoes ......................cwt:     2.07          60.50         60.30         61.20   
                                          :                                                       
  Tobacco                                 :                                                       
    Flue-cured, 11-14 ...............pound:    0.185           5.46          5.47          5.47   
    Fire-cured, 21-23 ...............pound:    0.254           7.45          7.51          7.51   
    Burley, 31 ......................pound:    0.181           5.34          5.35          5.35   
    Maryland, 32 ....................pound:    0.171           5.05          5.05          5.06   
    Dark air-cured, 35-37 ...........pound:    0.228           6.69          6.74          6.74   
    Pennsylvania seedleaf, 41 .......pound:    0.196           5.78          5.79          5.80   
                                          :                                                       
Non-citrus fruit                          :                                                       
  Apples, processing 1/ 2/ ............ton:    20.20         575.00        597.00        598.00   
  Apricots                                :                                                       
    Fresh 3/ ..........................ton:   121.00       3,400.00      3,580.00      3,580.00   
    Dried (California) ................ton:   313.00       8,750.00      9,250.00      9,260.00   
  Avocados 2/ 3/ ......................ton:   200.00       5,370.00      5,910.00      5,920.00   
  Cherries                                :                                                       
    Sweet .............................ton:   215.00       6,250.00      6,350.00      6,360.00   
    Tart 2/ .........................pound:    0.032          0.939         0.946         0.947   
  Cranberry 2/ 4/ ..................barrel:     3.87         119.00        114.00        114.00   
  Dates (California) 3/ ...............ton:   159.00       4,230.00      4,700.00      4,700.00   
                                          :                                                       
  Grapes (California)                     :                                                       
    Raisin variety 5/ .................ton:   147.00       4,110.00      4,340.00      4,350.00   
    Wine, processing ..................ton:    71.90       2,010.00      2,120.00      2,130.00   
  Kiwifruit 2/ ........................ton:   105.00       3,050.00      3,100.00      3,110.00   
  Nectarines, fresh (California) 3/ ...ton:    73.00       1,970.00      2,160.00      2,160.00   
  Olives, canning (California) 4/ .....ton:   106.00       2,910.00      3,130.00      3,140.00   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                       --continued

Commodity Parity Prices - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons (continued)
[Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of
the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and
1956. See February "Agricultural Prices" for details on adjusted base price and parity
price computations]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :         :                Parity price                
                                         :Adjusted :              :              :              
            Commodity and unit           :  base   :--------------------------------------------
                                         :  price  :   January    :   December   :   January    
                                         :         :     2018     :     2018     :     2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :                       dollars                        
                                         :                                                      
Non-citrus fruit - continued             :                                                      
  Papayas (Hawaii) .................pound:  0.042          1.20           1.24           1.24   
  Peaches                                :                                                      
    Fresh 4/ 6/ ......................ton:  97.30      2,660.00       2,880.00       2,880.00   
    Dried (California) 1/ 5/ .........ton:  43.30      1,280.00       1,280.00       1,280.00   
    Processing, excludes dried           :                                                      
       Clingstone (California) 4/ ....ton:  37.90      1,060.00       1,120.00       1,120.00   
                                         :                                                      
  Pears, Fresh 6/ ....................ton:  63.60      1,770.00       1,880.00       1,880.00   
  Plums (California) equivalent on-tree  :                                                      
    Fresh 7/ .........................ton:  68.50      1,910.00       2,020.00       2,030.00   
  Prunes, dried (California) 1/ 2/ 5/ ton: 171.00      4,700.00       5,050.00       5,060.00   
  Strawberries                           :                                                      
    Fresh 10/ ......................pound:   9.62        282.00         284.00         285.00   
    Processing .....................pound:   3.62        106.00         107.00         107.00   
  Sugar crops                            :                                                      
    Sugar beets 2/ 8/ ................ton:   5.10        150.00         151.00         151.00   
    Sugarcane 2/ 8/ ..................ton:   3.50        102.00         103.00         104.00   
                                         :                                                      
Tree nuts 9/                             :                                                      
  Almonds ..........................pound:  0.242          6.93           7.15           7.16   
  Hazelnuts ..........................ton: 236.00      6,840.00       6,970.00       6,980.00   
  Pistachios .......................pound:  0.238          6.93           7.03           7.04   
  Walnuts ............................ton: 237.00      6,870.00       7,000.00       7,010.00   
                                         :                                                      
Vegetables, fresh 10/                    :                                                      
  Carrots 11/ ........................cwt:   2.79         81.90          82.40          82.50   
  Cauliflower 11/ ....................cwt:   4.59        135.00         136.00         136.00   
  Celery 11/ .........................cwt:   1.98         58.10          58.50          58.60   
  Honeydew melons ....................cwt:   2.02         59.30          59.70          59.80   
  Lettuce ............................cwt:   2.43         71.30          71.80          71.90   
  Onions 11/ .........................cwt:   1.41         41.40          41.70          41.70   
  Tomatoes ...........................cwt:   4.05        119.00         120.00         120.00   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
1/   Equivalent returns at processing plant door.                                               
2/   Adjusted base price is carried forward from the previous year since current marketing year 
     average price is not yet available.                                                        
3/   Equivalent returns at packinghouse door.                                                   
4/   Equivalent returns for bulk fruit at first delivery point.                                 
5/   Dried basis.                                                                               
6/   Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York (apples only), Oregon (except
     peaches), and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states.                   
7/   Based on "as sold" prices for fresh fruit in all states.                                   
8/   Relates to prices including average conditional payments per ton made under the sugar acts 
     of 1937 and 1948. Crop deficiency and abandonment payments not included.                   
9/   Prices In-Shell basis except almonds which are shelled basis.                              
10/  FOB shipping point price.                                                                  
11/  Includes some processing.                                                                  

Market Year for Specified Commodities

Cattle ............................................................................................................ January1 - December 31

Milk Cows ...................................................................................................... January1 - December 31

Hogs ......................................................................................................... December 1 - November 30

Cattle Market Year Average Prices Received - United States: Marketing Years 2017 and 2018
[All beef includes steer and heifers combined and cows. Cows include beef cows and cull dairy cows
sold for slaughter. Milk cow prices are calendar year average of quarterly estimates.]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                :     Steers     :                :                :                
       Year      :      Cows      :      and       :     Calves     :  Beef cattle   :   Milk cows    
                 :                :    heifers     :                :                :                
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :     -------------------- dollars per cwt --------------------      dollars per head
                 :                                                                                    
2017 ............:     69.10            122.00           168.00           120.00          1,620.00    
2018 ............:     62.60            117.00           170.00           115.00          1,360.00    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hog Market Year Average Prices Received - United States: Marketing Years 2017 and 2018
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Year      :   Barrows and gilts   :         Sows          :          All          
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                            dollars per cwt                            
                 :                                                                       
2017 ............:         53.50                   44.50                   53.10         
2018 ............:         50.50                   41.30                   50.20         
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Milk Cow Market Year Average Prices Received - States and United States: Marketing Years
2017 and 2018 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             State            :            2017             :            2018             
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                     dollars per head                      
                              :                                                           
Alabama ......................:            1,450                         1,280            
Alaska .......................:            1,600                         1,700            
Arizona ......................:            1,730                         1,540            
Arkansas .....................:            1,460                         1,260            
California ...................:            1,600                         1,330            
Colorado .....................:            1,810                         1,500            
Connecticut ..................:            1,590                         1,480            
Delaware .....................:            1,500                         1,260            
Florida ......................:            1,650                         1,420            
Georgia ......................:            1,530                         1,370            
                              :                                                           
Hawaii .......................:            1,720                         1,850            
Idaho ........................:            1,680                         1,490            
Illinois .....................:            1,600                         1,320            
Indiana ......................:            1,530                         1,260            
Iowa .........................:            1,570                         1,290            
Kansas .......................:            1,710                         1,500            
Kentucky .....................:            1,520                         1,180            
Louisiana ....................:            1,620                         1,380            
Maine ........................:            1,530                         1,300            
Maryland .....................:            1,560                         1,320            
                              :                                                           
Massachusetts ................:            1,550                         1,310            
Michigan .....................:            1,630                         1,330            
Minnesota ....................:            1,530                         1,240            
Mississippi ..................:            1,500                         1,380            
Missouri .....................:            1,400                         1,150            
Montana ......................:            1,590                         1,410            
Nebraska .....................:            1,620                         1,490            
Nevada .......................:            1,680                         1,480            
New Hampshire ................:            1,570                         1,370            
New Jersey ...................:            1,550                         1,300            
                              :                                                           
New Mexico ...................:            1,760                         1,560            
New York .....................:            1,500                         1,250            
North Carolina ...............:            1,610                         1,330            
North Dakota .................:            1,430                         1,300            
Ohio .........................:            1,530                         1,200            
Oklahoma .....................:            1,510                         1,330            
Oregon .......................:            1,690                         1,560            
Pennsylvania .................:            1,510                         1,270            
Rhode Island .................:            1,430                         1,410            
South Carolina ...............:            1,610                         1,280            
                              :                                                           
South Dakota .................:            1,620                         1,380            
Tennessee ....................:            1,520                         1,370            
Texas ........................:            1,680                         1,510            
Utah .........................:            1,700                         1,450            
Vermont ......................:            1,680                         1,430            
Virginia .....................:            1,480                         1,210            
Washington ...................:            1,700                         1,430            
West Virginia ................:            1,510                         1,290            
Wisconsin ....................:            1,680                         1,310            
Wyoming ......................:            1,760                         1,390            
                              :                                                           
United States ................:            1,620                         1,360            
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Cows, Steers and Heifers, Calves, Beef Cattle, and Milk Cows by Month -
United States: Marketing Years 2017 and 2018
[All beef includes steer & heifers combined and cows. Cows include beef cows and cull dairy cows sold
for slaughter. Milk cow prices are calendar year average. Quarterly United States milk cow prices are
based on revised milk cow inventory.]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                 :     Steers      :                 :                 :        :        
              :      Cows       :       and       :     Calves      :   Beef cattle   :    Milk cows    
              :                 :     heifers     :                 :                 :        :        
     Month    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :  2017  :  2018  :  2017  :  2018  :  2017  :  2018  :  2017  :  2018  :  2017  :  2018  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              : -------------------------- dollars per cwt --------------------------   dollars per head
              :                                                                                         
January ......: 64.00    63.30    119.00   123.00   152.00   174.00   117.00   120.00  1,620.00 1,520.00
February .....: 64.90    65.60    121.00   127.00   151.00   180.00   119.00   125.00      (NA)     (NA)
March ........: 69.50    68.90    127.00   127.00   159.00   175.00   125.00   125.00      (NA)     (NA)
April ........: 72.20    67.50    130.00   122.00   164.00   170.00   128.00   119.00  1,640.00 1,360.00
May ..........: 73.30    66.20    138.00   122.00   171.00   165.00   136.00   120.00      (NA)     (NA)
June .........: 76.50    66.30    133.00   113.00   164.00   158.00   132.00   112.00      (NA)     (NA)
July .........: 77.30    66.80    121.00   112.00   157.00   153.00   120.00   110.00  1,620.00 1,320.00
August .......: 76.30    63.00    115.00   112.00   163.00   160.00   114.00   110.00      (NA)     (NA)
September ....: 69.90    60.80    107.00   110.00   173.00   169.00   105.00   108.00      (NA)     (NA)
October ......: 65.40    57.80    111.00   112.00   177.00   174.00   109.00   110.00  1,610.00 1,230.00
November .....: 63.40    52.70    121.00   115.00   177.00   169.00   119.00   113.00      (NA)     (NA)
December .....: 62.00    51.80    120.00   119.00   174.00   166.00   118.00   117.00      (NA)     (NA)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                     

Prices Received for Barrows and Gilts, Sows, and All Hogs by Month - United States: Marketing Years
2017 and 2018
[December preceding year]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :      Barrows and gilts      :            Sows             :          All hogs           
        Month       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     2017     :     2018     :     2017     :     2018     :     2017     :     2018     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                                     dollars per cwt                                     
                    :                                                                                         
December ...........:    43.60          48.80          27.60          41.80          43.10          48.60     
January ............:    48.70          52.90          31.90          40.40          48.10          52.50     
February ...........:    55.30          54.60          33.20          54.50          54.40          54.60     
March ..............:    53.70          50.00          36.20          47.70          53.00          50.00     
April ..............:    48.70          45.50          42.70          40.20          48.40          45.30     
May ................:    53.80          51.80          50.00          43.50          53.60          51.50     
June ...............:    62.70          59.80          49.30          42.00          62.10          59.10     
July ...............:    67.40          59.20          64.80          43.60          67.30          58.60     
August .............:    61.20          44.70          71.80          34.00          61.50          44.30     
September ..........:    49.00          43.70          45.50          28.60          48.90          43.20     
October ............:    47.60          50.80          36.30          35.20          47.30          50.30     
November ...........:    50.20          46.30          44.60          43.30          50.00          46.20     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received for Milk Cows by Month - States and United States: 2018
[Cows sold for dairy herd replacement. Quarterly United States milk cow prices
are based on revised milk cow inventory.]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     :    January    :     April     :     July      :    October    
                :     2018      :     2018      :     2018      :     2018      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                       dollars per head                        
                :                                                               
Arizona ........:     1,700           1,550           1,450           1,450     
California .....:     1,500           1,300           1,300           1,200     
Colorado .......:     1,650           1,550           1,450           1,350     
Florida ........:     1,530           1,450           1,430           1,260     
Idaho ..........:     1,600           1,500           1,500           1,350     
Illinois .......:     1,500           1,320           1,250           1,210     
Indiana ........:     1,450           1,300           1,200           1,100     
Iowa ...........:     1,440           1,310           1,220           1,170     
Kansas .........:     1,600           1,550           1,450           1,400     
Michigan .......:     1,500           1,300           1,300           1,200     
                :                                                               
Minnesota ......:     1,400           1,340           1,170           1,050     
New Mexico .....:     1,750           1,550           1,500           1,450     
New York .......:     1,450           1,230           1,200           1,100     
Ohio ...........:     1,450           1,200           1,100           1,050     
Oregon .........:     1,800           1,600           1,450           1,400     
Pennsylvania ...:     1,440           1,250           1,250           1,150     
South Dakota ...:     1,500           1,430           1,300           1,270     
Texas ..........:     1,600           1,500           1,500           1,450     
Utah ...........:     1,600           1,500           1,400           1,300     
Vermont ........:     1,650           1,400           1,400           1,250     
                :                                                               
Virginia .......:     1,370           1,150           1,200           1,120     
Washington .....:     1,600           1,400           1,400           1,300     
Wisconsin ......:     1,470           1,320           1,250           1,180     
                :                                                               
United States ..:     1,520           1,360           1,320           1,230     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for All Cattle and Calves -
States and United States: January 1, 2018 and 2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :         Value per head          :           Total value           
     State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
               :      2018      :      2019      :      2018      :      2019      
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :     ------- dollars ------         ------- 1,000 dollars ------   
               :                                                                   
Alabama .......:       930              840           1,246,200        1,092,000   
Alaska ........:     1,280            1,470              19,200           23,520   
Arizona .......:     1,100              940           1,122,000          958,800   
Arkansas ......:     1,010              890           1,777,600        1,584,200   
California ....:     1,230              980           6,396,000        5,047,000   
Colorado ......:     1,230            1,100           3,505,500        3,135,000   
Connecticut ...:     1,210            1,070              60,500           50,290   
Delaware ......:     1,080              980              18,360           14,700   
Florida .......:     1,100            1,000           1,793,000        1,680,000   
Georgia .......:       950              950           1,007,000        1,016,500   
               :                                                                   
Hawaii ........:       750              700             108,000           99,400   
Idaho .........:     1,250            1,070           3,025,000        2,675,000   
Illinois ......:     1,220            1,010           1,403,000        1,212,000   
Indiana .......:     1,070              910             920,200          800,800   
Iowa ..........:     1,200            1,140           4,800,000        4,503,000   
Kansas ........:     1,110            1,070           6,993,000        6,794,500   
Kentucky ......:       960              860           2,073,600        1,831,800   
Louisiana .....:     1,090              950             893,800          760,000   
Maine .........:     1,190              980              96,390           76,440   
Maryland ......:     1,070              930             206,510          183,210   
               :                                                                   
Massachusetts .:     1,130              920              42,940           34,040   
Michigan ......:     1,140              910           1,322,400        1,046,500   
Minnesota .....:     1,080              910           2,538,000        2,111,200   
Mississippi ...:       950              860             883,500          774,000   
Missouri ......:     1,060              970           4,611,000        4,122,500   
Montana .......:     1,350            1,310           3,442,500        3,275,000   
Nebraska ......:     1,260            1,210           8,568,000        8,228,000   
Nevada ........:     1,270            1,180             590,550          554,600   
New Hampshire .:     1,160              980              41,760           32,340   
New Jersey ....:     1,160            1,100              33,640           33,000   
               :                                                                   
New Mexico ....:     1,310            1,060           1,978,100        1,568,800   
New York ......:     1,130              900           1,672,400        1,305,000   
North Carolina :       900              730             720,000          584,000   
North Dakota ..:     1,450            1,350           2,697,000        2,470,500   
Ohio ..........:     1,090              850           1,417,000        1,113,500   
Oklahoma ......:     1,100            1,010           5,610,000        5,353,000   
Oregon ........:     1,210            1,120           1,536,700        1,478,400   
Pennsylvania ..:     1,060              810           1,717,200        1,296,000   
Rhode Island ..:     1,280            1,180               6,400            5,546   
South Carolina :       960              820             326,400          282,900   
               :                                                                   
South Dakota ..:     1,350            1,240           5,400,000        5,022,000   
Tennessee .....:       940              890           1,720,200        1,602,000   
Texas .........:     1,080            1,000          13,500,000       13,000,000   
Utah ..........:     1,270            1,130           1,003,300          915,300   
Vermont .......:     1,270            1,000             330,200          255,000   
Virginia ......:       940              850           1,391,200        1,224,000   
Washington ....:     1,200              990           1,392,000        1,168,200   
West Virginia .:     1,000              870             395,000          339,300   
Wisconsin .....:     1,140              920           3,990,000        3,174,000   
Wyoming .......:     1,330            1,260           1,755,600        1,638,000   
               :                                                                   
United States .:     1,146            1,029         108,097,850       97,544,786   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for Hogs -
States and United States: December 1, 2017 and 2018
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :    Value per head     :              Total value              
          State          :---------------------------------------------------------------
                         :   2017    :   2018    :       2017        :       2018        
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :    --- dollars ---          ------- 1,000 dollars -------     
                         :                                                               
Alabama .................:    105         112              5,985               5,936     
Alaska ..................:    220         221                330                 420     
Arizona .................:    100         115             16,000              19,550     
Arkansas ................:    100         110             13,100              14,300     
California ..............:    140         145             13,300              14,645     
Colorado ................:    100         110             75,000              82,500     
Connecticut .............:    140         145                448                 537     
Delaware ................:    115         110                690                 715     
Florida .................:    115         110              1,725               1,430     
Georgia .................:     98         100              7,840               6,700     
                         :                                                               
Hawaii ..................:    165         170              1,320               1,530     
Idaho ...................:    105         110              3,885               3,520     
Illinois ................:    101          97            545,400             514,100     
Indiana .................:    101          97            404,000             407,400     
Iowa ....................:    101          96          2,302,800           2,236,800     
Kansas ..................:     95         100            200,450             205,000     
Kentucky ................:     90          95             36,900              27,075     
Louisiana ...............:    110         112                660                 672     
Maine ...................:    115         120                518                 528     
Maryland ................:    115         120              2,415               2,280     
                         :                                                               
Massachusetts ...........:    100         105                750                 840     
Michigan ................:     99          95            117,810             112,100     
Minnesota ...............:    100          96            850,000             854,400     
Mississippi .............:    104         108             59,376              62,100     
Missouri ................:     98          99            333,200             351,450     
Montana .................:    110         113             19,690              21,696     
Nebraska ................:     95          99            342,234             346,500     
Nevada ..................:    120         121                360                 726     
New Hampshire ...........:    110         115                374                 403     
New Jersey ..............:    115         120                978               1,020     
                         :                                                               
New Mexico ..............:    110         115                176                 150     
New York ................:    100         105              4,800               4,830     
North Carolina ..........:     86          91            774,000             828,100     
North Dakota ............:    100         103             14,700              14,935     
Ohio ....................:    105         107            283,889             272,850     
Oklahoma ................:    110         120            242,000             264,000     
Oregon ..................:    115         115              1,035               1,035     
Pennsylvania ............:     96          95            119,109             124,450     
Rhode Island ............:    115         120                230                 204     
South Carolina ..........:     90          96             16,650              19,200     
                         :                                                               
South Dakota ............:    102         100            158,781             174,000     
Tennessee ...............:     95          91             22,400              20,020     
Texas ...................:    110         115            115,500             127,650     
Utah ....................:    100         105             55,000              74,550     
Vermont .................:    130         135                481                 500     
Virginia ................:     92          94             22,080              32,430     
Washington ..............:    110         115              1,870               1,955     
West Virginia ...........:    110         112                550                 448     
Wisconsin ...............:    100          97             30,500              31,525     
Wyoming .................:    100         105              9,000               9,240     
                         :                                                               
United States ...........:     99          98          7,230,288           7,298,943     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for Sheep and Lambs -
States and United States: January 1, 2018 and 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                      Sheep and lambs                      
                    :-----------------------------------------------------------
        State       :       Value per head        :         Total value         
                    :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :     2018     :     2019     :     2018     :     2019     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     ----- dollars ----         ----- 1,000 dollars ----   
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:     177            174            22,125         20,010   
California .........:     202            205           115,140        112,750   
Colorado ...........:     206            202            91,670         84,840   
Idaho ..............:     197            201            46,295         44,220   
Illinois ...........:     222            228            12,210         12,084   
Indiana ............:     229            235            13,053         14,100   
Iowa ...............:     227            231            37,455         35,343   
Kansas .............:     226            223            15,142         16,056   
Kentucky ...........:     206            199            11,948         12,736   
Michigan ...........:     203            197            16,240         16,942   
                    :                                                           
Minnesota ..........:     208            213            27,040         26,625   
Missouri ...........:     186            185            18,600         18,500   
Montana ............:     209            207            47,025         44,505   
Nebraska ...........:     229            227            18,320         17,025   
Nevada .............:     234            230            14,274         14,490   
New England 1/ .....:     239            239            11,760         11,472   
New Mexico .........:     193            191            18,528         19,100   
New York ...........:     209            211            17,765         16,880   
North Carolina .....:     194            194             5,238          5,626   
North Dakota .......:     199            196            13,930         14,112   
                    :                                                           
Ohio ...............:     224            223            26,656         26,983   
Oklahoma ...........:     224            231            12,096         11,550   
Oregon .............:     190            193            31,350         33,775   
Pennsylvania .......:     207            202            19,872         19,190   
South Dakota .......:     203            208            50,750         53,040   
Tennessee ..........:     211            209             9,706         10,032   
Texas ..............:     185            181           138,750        135,750   
Utah ...............:     218            217            59,950         62,930   
Virginia ...........:     195            197            14,625         15,563   
Washington .........:     209            205             9,405         10,250   
                    :                                                           
West Virginia ......:     195            192             6,825          6,144   
Wisconsin ..........:     210            215            15,750         16,125   
Wyoming ............:     214            209            73,830         73,150   
                    :                                                           
Other States 2/ ....:     181            185            28,055         29,600   
                    :                                                           
United States ......:     204            203         1,071,378      1,061,498   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ New England includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode 
   Island, and Vermont.                                                         
2/ Individual State estimates not available for States not shown, but are       
   included in Other States.                                                    

Prices Received Value per Head and Total Value for Angora Goats -
States and United States: January 1, 2018 and 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                       Angora goats                        
                    :-----------------------------------------------------------
        State       :       Value per head        :         Total value         
                    :-----------------------------------------------------------
                    :     2018     :     2019     :     2018     :     2019     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :    ------ dollars ------         --- 1,000 dollars ---    
                    :                                                           
Arizona ............:    114.00         128.00          3,420          3,456    
California .........:    100.00         100.00            350            300    
New Mexico .........:    112.00         109.00          1,064            981    
Texas ..............:    130.00         140.00          9,750         10,500    
                    :                                                           
4-State average ....:    123.60         133.70         14,584         15,237    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Reliability of Prices Received Estimates

Definition: Prices received represent sales from producers to first buyers. 
They include all grades and qualities. The average commodity price from the 
survey multiplied by the total quantity marketed theoretically should give 
the total cash receipts for the commodity.

Survey procedures: Primary sales data used to determine grain prices were 
obtained from probability samples of about 1,900 mills and elevators. These 
procedures ensure that virtually all grain moving into commercial channels 
has a chance of being included in the survey. Generally, States surveyed 
account for 90 percent or more of total United States production. Livestock 
prices are obtained from packers, stockyards, auctions, dealers, and market 
check data from AMS-USDA, private marketing organizations, and state 
commodity groups and agencies. Inter-farm sales of grain and livestock are 
not included since they represent very small percentages of the total sales. 
Grain marketed for seed is also excluded. Fruit and vegetable prices are 
obtained from sample surveys and market check data from AMS-USDA, private 
marketing organizations, state agencies, and universities.

Summary and estimation procedures: Survey quantities sold are expanded by 
strata to state levels and used to weight average strata prices to a state 
average. State prices are then weighted to a United States price based on 
expanded sales. Recommendations are prepared by the Regional Field Offices 
and reviewed by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. State 
recommendations are reviewed for reasonableness with survey data, other 
States, and recent historic estimates.

Revisions: In general, revisions are made during annual commodity market year 
estimation time, following five-year Census revisions, or when later 
information is received. Revisions are published in monthly issues of 
Agricultural Prices. 

Reliability: United States price estimates based on probability surveys 
generally have a sampling error of less than one percent for the major 
commodities such as corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, and rice. Current methods 
of summarization for non-probability commodities are not designed directly to 
calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures approximate the 
United States relative sampling errors at around five percent. Any non-
sampling errors are attributed to such things as the inability to obtain 
correct information, differences in interpreting questions or definitions, 
mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step 
in the survey process to minimize these non-sampling errors.

Program Changes: After the Council on Food, Agricultural and Resource 
Economics (C-FARE) 2009 program review which included changes in farm production 
practices, plans were implemented to make necessary program improvements in the 
agricultural price program. The index group structure for prices received was 
modified to maintain a more universal structure and consistency with the 
required 1910-1914 series.
 Modifications implemented January 2014 include the following: updated the 
current 1990-1992 base reference period to 2011; linked the 1910-1914 series to 
the updated base reference period, 2011; created index groups used universally 
by researchers, data users, and policymakers; and re-classified agricultural 
commodities into the index groups. Also the modifications expanded the commodity 
coverage for vegetable, melon, non-citrus, and tree nuts; updated monthly market 
weights; and adjusted (normalized) current five year moving average cash 
receipts and farm input cost weights.
Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.
The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.
See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details.

January Prices Paid by Farmers

The January Prices Paid Index for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, 
and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 109.3, is up 0.1 percent from December 2018 
and 1.0 percent from January 2018. 
 
Production: The January index, at 106.2, is up 0.1 percent from December and 
0.8 percent from January last year. Higher prices for other services, 
complete feeds, hay and forages, and self-propelled machinery more than 
offset lower prices for diesel, milk cows, supplements, and concentrates.

Feed: At 97.4, the January index increased 0.5 percent from December 
and 3.4 percent from last January. Since December, higher prices for 
complete feeds, hay and forages, and feed grains more than offset lower 
prices for concentrates and supplements.

Livestock and poultry: The January index, at 106.1, is unchanged from 
December but down 6.2 percent from last year. Since December, lower 
prices for milk cows offset higher prices for feeder pigs and feeder 
cattle. The January feeder cattle price, at $146.00 per cwt, is 
unchanged from the December price. The January feeder pigs price, at 
$175.00 per cwt, is up $7.00 per cwt from December.

Fertilizer: The index for January, at 70.1, is up 0.1 percent from 
December and 8.9 percent from January a year ago. Since December, 
higher prices for nitrogen and potash and phosphate more than offset 
lower prices for mixed fertilizer.

Chemicals: The January index, at 99.6, is up 0.2 percent from December 
but down 3.6 percent from January last year.

Fuels: At 59.8, the January index is down 3.9 percent from December and 
10.5 percent from January 2018. Compared with December, prices are 
lower for diesel and gasoline, and unchanged for LP gas. 

Machinery: The index for January, at 122.2, increased 0.6 percent from 
December and 3.4 percent from January last year. Prices for self-
propelled machinery and other machinery are higher than the previous 
month. The price for tractors is unchanged. 

Consumer Price Index: The January 2019 Consumer Price Index for All Urban 
Consumers (CPI-U), as issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics,  increased 
1.6 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 251.712 (1982-
1984=100). For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal 
adjustment.

Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at www.nass.usda.gov]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :             1910-1914 Base              :                2011 Base                
           Index Group           :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               and               :   January   :  December   :   January   :   January   :  December   :   January   
              Ratios             :    2018     :    2018     :    2019     :    2018     :    2018     :    2019     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 :                                      percent                                      
                                 :                                                                                   
Prices paid by farmers for       :                                                                                   
commodities, services,           :                                                                                   
interest, taxes, and wage        :                                                                                   
rates (PPITW) ...................:    2929          2955          2958          108.2         109.2         109.3    
  Production ....................:    2195          2209          2210          105.4         106.1         106.2    
    Feed ........................:    1038          1068          1073           94.2          96.9          97.4    
    Livestock and poultry .......:    2232          2094          2095          113.1         106.1         106.1    
    Seeds .......................:    3934          3885          3885          119.7         118.2         118.2    
    Fertilizer ..................:     775           843           845           64.4          70.0          70.1    
    Chemicals ...................:     927           893           894          103.3          99.4          99.6    
    Fuels .......................:    1869          1740          1672           66.8          62.2          59.8    
    Supplies and repairs ........:    1287          1340          1344          109.1         113.6         113.9    
                                 :                                                                                   
    Autos and trucks ............:    3261          3235          3256          106.1         105.2         105.9    
    Machinery ...................:    7225          7425          7469          118.2         121.5         122.2    
    Building materials ..........:    2620          2725          2742          112.6         117.2         117.9    
    Services and rent ...........:    2461          2480          2487           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
    Services ....................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          113.5         115.0         115.5    
    Rent ........................:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          119.5         119.5         119.5    
                                 :                                                                                   
  Interest 1/ ...................:    4325          4325          4325          118.6         118.6         118.6    
  Taxes 2/ ......................:    6952          6952          6952          117.1         117.1         117.1    
  Wage rates ....................:    9010          9260          9260          125.8         129.3         129.3    
  Family living-CPI 3/ ..........:    2355          2387          2391          110.2         111.7         111.9    
                                 :                                                                                   
Production, interest, taxes, ....:                                                                                   
  and wage rates (PITW) .........:    3043          3068          3070          107.9         108.8         108.9    
                                 :                                                                                   
Ratio (received/paid) ...........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)             80            82            78    
Parity ratio 4/ .................:      30            31            30           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
Parity ratio adjusted 5/ ........:      31            32            31           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
PPITW adjusted for               :                                                                                   
  productivity 6/ ...............:    1609          1633          1647           (NA)          (NA)          (NA)    
                                 :                                                                                   
Crop sector (PPITW) .............:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          109.5         110.7         110.8    
Livestock sector (PPITW) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          106.8         107.4         107.7    
                                 :                                                                                   
Farm sector (production) ........:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          105.0         103.9         104.4    
Non-farm sector (production) ....:    (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          105.7         107.4         107.2    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                  
1/   Interest per acre on farm real estate debt and interest rate on farm non-real estate debt.                      
2/   Farm real estate taxes payable per acre.                                                                        
3/   Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI-U), converted by the USDA.        
4/   Ratio of index of prices received to PPITW (1910-1914=100).                                                     
5/   Based on estimated cash receipts, from marketings and government payments, the preliminary adjustment factor is 
     1.026 for 2019 and the revised factor is 1.026 for 2018.                                                        
6/   PPITW is adjusted based on productivity trend for the prior 15 years.                                           

Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components -
United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
[Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at
www.nass.usda.gov. Relative weights are a five year moving average]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :    Relative weights     :     Indexes (2011=100)      
                             :-------------------------------------------------------
         Index Group         :            :            : January :December : January 
                             :    2018    :    2019    :  2018   :  2018   :  2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             :                        percent                        
                             :                                                       
Production items ............:    73.5         73.2       105.4     106.1     106.2  
                             :                                                       
  Feed ......................:    13.3         12.8        94.2      96.9      97.4  
    Feed grains .............:     1.9          1.8        56.5      59.7      59.9  
    Complete feeds ..........:     6.5          6.3       103.7     102.5     103.4  
    Hay and forages .........:     1.6          1.6        93.2     108.2     110.5  
    Concentrates ............:     2.1          2.0        89.8      94.5      93.5  
    Supplements .............:     1.2          1.1       112.4     115.8     113.9  
  Livestock and poultry .....:     8.2          8.8       113.1     106.1     106.1  
    Feeder cattle ...........:     6.4          6.8       110.8     106.6     106.8  
    Feeder pigs .............:     0.6          0.7       145.7     120.0     125.0  
    Milk cow replacements ...:     0.7          0.7       107.0      86.6      80.3  
    Poultry .................:     0.5          0.5       107.0     107.0     107.0  
                             :                                                       
  Seeds .....................:     5.3          5.4       119.7     118.2     118.2  
    Field crops .............:     4.8          4.9       119.2     116.9     116.9  
    Grasses and legumes .....:     0.5          0.5       125.1     131.0     131.0  
  Fertilizer ................:     5.2          5.0        64.4      70.0      70.1  
    Mixed fertilizer ........:     2.3          2.2        65.5      70.5      70.4  
    Nitrogen ................:     2.2          2.1        64.8      70.7      71.0  
    Potash and phosphate ....:     0.7          0.7        59.7      66.5      66.9  
  Chemicals .................:     3.6          3.6       103.3      99.4      99.6  
    Herbicides ..............:     2.3          2.2       105.5     101.5     101.7  
    Insecticides ............:     0.8          0.8       101.8      97.9      98.0  
    Fungicides and other ....:     0.5          0.5        95.5      92.3      92.5  
                             :                                                       
  Fuels .....................:     2.4          2.8        66.8      62.2      59.8  
    Diesel ..................:     1.5          1.8        62.4      63.5      60.6  
    Gasoline ................:     0.5          0.6        65.4      59.4      56.6  
    LP gas ..................:     0.4          0.5        85.0      60.9      60.9  
  Supplies and repairs ......:     4.6          4.6       109.1     113.6     113.9  
    Supplies ................:     1.6          1.5       109.3     113.3     114.1  
    Repairs .................:     3.0          3.1       109.0     113.8     113.8  
  Autos and trucks ..........:     1.3          1.3       106.1     105.2     105.9  
    Autos ...................:     0.2          0.2       100.1      99.9     100.5  
    Trucks ..................:     1.1          1.1       107.0     106.0     106.8  
                             :                                                       
  Machinery .................:     5.6          5.3       118.2     121.5     122.2  
    Tractors ................:     1.2          1.2       112.5     116.0     116.0  
    Self-propelled ..........:     2.3          2.1       120.8     124.7     126.4  
    Other machinery .........:     2.1          2.0       118.8     121.3     121.5  
  Building materials ........:     4.0          4.1       112.6     117.2     117.9  
  Services ..................:    12.1         11.7       113.5     115.0     115.5  
    Custom rates ............:     1.3          1.2       113.3     113.3     113.3  
    Other services ..........:    10.8         10.5       113.5     115.2     115.7  
  Rent ......................:     7.9          7.8       119.5     119.5     119.5  
    Cash ....................:     4.2          4.2       126.1     126.1     126.1  
    Share ...................:     3.7          3.6       111.8     111.8     111.8  
                             :                                                       
Interest ....................:     2.4          2.6       118.6     118.6     118.6  
Taxes .......................:     3.3          3.2       117.1     117.1     117.1  
Wage rates ..................:     7.1          7.2       125.8     129.3     129.3  
Family living-CPI ...........:    13.7         13.9       110.2     111.7     111.9  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Feed Price Ratios - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Feed price ratio 1/                  : January 2018 :December 2018 : January 2019 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       :                                            
Broiler-feed: pounds of broiler grower feed equal      :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of broiler, live weight 2/ ......:      5.3            5.3            6.0     
                                                       :                                            
Market egg feed: pounds of laying feed equal in        :                                            
  value to 1 dozen eggs 3/ ............................:     11.6           11.8            9.6     
                                                       :                                            
Hog-corn: bushels of corn equal in value to            :                                            
  100 pounds of hog, live weight ......................:     16.0           12.3           12.5     
                                                       :                                            
Milk-feed: pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal        :                                            
  in value to 1 pound of whole milk 4/ ................:     2.18           2.04           2.05     
                                                       :                                            
Steer & heifer-corn: bushels of corn equal             :                                            
  in value to 100 pounds of steer & heifers,           :                                            
    live weight .......................................:     37.4           33.6           34.8     
                                                       :                                            
Turkey-feed: pounds of turkey grower equal in          :                                            
  value to 1 pound of turkey, live weight 5/ ..........:      5.7            5.5            5.6     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Effective January 1995, prices of commercial prepared feeds are based on current United States   
   prices received for corn, soybeans, alfalfa hay, and all wheat.                                  
2/ The price of commercial prepared broiler feed is based on current United States prices received  
   for corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 58 percent corn and 42 percent soybeans.            
3/ The price of commercial prepared layer feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 75 percent corn and 25 percent soybeans.                
4/ The price of commercial prepared dairy feed is based on current United States prices received for
   corn, soybeans, and alfalfa. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 8 percent soybeans, and 41   
   percent alfalfa.                                                                                 
5/ The price of commercial prepared turkey feed is based on current United States prices received   
   for corn, soybeans, and wheat. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 28 percent soybeans, and 21
   percent wheat.                                                                                   

Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios - United States:
January 2019 with Comparisons
[Price data source for livestock and poultry commodities is United States
Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                : January 2018 :December 2018 : January 2019 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Broilers, live ................pound:     0.530          0.510          0.580    
Eggs, market ..................dozen:     0.962          0.980          0.800    
                                    :                                            
Hogs, all .......................cwt:     52.50          43.40          44.60    
Milk, all .......................cwt:     16.10          16.40          16.60    
                                    :                                            
Steers and heifers ..............cwt:    123.00         119.00         124.00    
Turkeys, live .................pound:     0.508          0.498          0.510    
                                    :                                            
Corn .........................bushel:      3.29           3.54           3.56    
Hay, alfalfa ....................ton:    153.00         180.00         181.00    
                                    :                                            
Soybeans .....................bushel:      9.30           8.57           8.63    
Wheat, all ...................bushel:      4.65           5.28           5.28    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock - United States: January 2019 with Comparisons
[Price data source is United States Department of Agriculture's Agriculture
Marketing Service]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Item                : January 2018 :December 2018 : January 2019 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :                  dollars                   
                                    :                                            
Feeder cattle & calves ..........cwt:    152.00         146.00         146.00    
Feeder pigs .....................cwt:    204.00         168.00         175.00    
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates

Definition: Prices paid by farmers represent the average costs of inputs 
purchased by farmers and ranchers to produce agricultural commodities. 
Conceptually, the average price when multiplied by quantity purchased should 
equal total producer expenditures for the item. 

Survey procedures: The prices paid data are obtained from establishments that 
sell goods and services to farmers and ranchers. Annually, about 8,500 firms 
are randomly selected from lists by type of item sold with an average 
response rate in the range of 75-80 percent. Firms are asked to report the 
price for the specified item "most commonly bought by farmers" or that was 
the "volume seller". Approximately 135 items are surveyed each March to 
represent all production input items purchased. The survey reference period 
for most items is the five business days centered at the 15th of the month. 
Separate prices paid surveys are conducted for agricultural chemicals, fuels, 
feed, fertilizer, machinery, and seed.

Summary and estimation procedures: The annual March Prices Paid Survey is 
summarized as a non-probability survey. Average prices reported are 
aggregated to the region and United States level using weights available from 
expenditure data and other administrative sources. Price recommendations are 
prepared by the Regional Field Offices and Headquarters for review by the 
Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. Also, the change in price 
level for individual items surveyed are combined to the regional and United 
States levels, and are published as prices paid indexes referenced to a 
specific base period. Prices paid indexes for new autos and trucks, building 
materials, farm supplies, motor supplies, and marketing containers are 
updated based on price changes measured in selected Bureau of Labor 
Statistics (BLS) indexes.

Revisions: Any revisions are published in the monthly and in annual issues of 
Agricultural Prices. The basis for revision must be supported by additional 
data that directly affect the level of the estimate. More revisions are 
likely for March when separate prices paid surveys are conducted, in lieu of 
BLS indexes, by the USDA to measure price change.

Reliability: Current methods of summarization for the March data are not 
designed directly to calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures 
approximate the United States relative sampling errors for major items around 
10 percent. Any non-sampling errors are attributed to such things as the 
inability to obtain correct information, differences in interpreting 
questions or definitions, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. 
Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non-
sampling errors. 

Program change: Effective January 2014, the National Agricultural Statistics 
Service modified the five-year moving weights and updated the base reference 
period. In January 2015, publication of preliminary prices was suspended, and 
the annual average index was replaced by an annual index.

As of January 2014, the 1990-1992 base reference period was updated to 2011. 
Five-year moving average weights are adjusted (normalized) to minimize the 
effects of price changes. The 1910-1914=100 price indexes, required by 
statute for computing parity prices, were linked forward based on the changes 
in the new 2011=100 indexes. The new indexes were constructed by multiplying 
the ratios of the current prices to the base period prices by the moving 
average weights.

Modifications implemented January 2015 discontinued preliminary prices and 
replaced the annual average index with an annual index.

The April 2015 program update discontinued publication of the annual March 
survey prices paid data.

The February 2016 program update changed the rounding of the 2011 base period 
indexes to nearest tenth of a percent. The 1910-1914 base period indexes 
remain rounded to the nearest whole number.

See Price Program Links at end of this report for program change details. 

Information Contacts

General

Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch.................................. (202) 720-6146

Crop Prices Received

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch ........................................................................ (202) 720-2127

Travis Thorson, Head, Field Crops Section................................................................ (202) 720-2127
  Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.......................................................... (202) 720-9526
  James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay................................................................. (202) 690-8533
  Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans.......................................................................... (202) 690-3234
  Jannety Mosley - Barley, Crop Weather.................................................................. (202) 720-7621
  Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice............................................................................. (202) 720-7688
  Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat............................................................................... (202) 720-8068
  Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum......................................................... (202) 720-5944
  Travis Thorson - Canola, Mustard Seed, Rapeseed, Safflower, Sunflower.................................. (202) 720-7369

Jorge Garcia-Pratts, Head, Fruits, Vegetables, and Special Crops Section................................. (202) 720-2127
  Vincent Davis - Apricots, Bananas, Cherries, Garlic, Lettuce, Mint, Papaya, Pears, Strawberries,
    Tomatoes ............................................................................................ (202) 720-2157
  Fleming Gibson - Avocados, Cauliflower, Celery, Citrus, Coffee, Dates, Figs, Kiwifruit,
    Nectarines, Olives, Green Peas, Taro, Watermelons ................................................... (202) 720-5412
  Greg Lemmons - Blackberries, Blueberries, Boysenberries, Cranberries, Cucumbers, Potatoes,
    Pumpkins, Raspberries, Squash, Sugar Beets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes ............................... (202) 720-4285
  Dan Norris - Artichokes, Austrian Winter Peas, Cantaloupes, Dry Beans, Dry Edible Peas,
    Honeydews, Lentils, Mushrooms, Peaches, Snap Beans................................................... (202) 720-3250
  Daphne Schauber - Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chile Peppers, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops,
    Maple Syrup, Tree Nuts, Spinach...................................................................... (202) 720-4215
  Joshua Bates - Apples, Asparagus, Carrots, Lima Beans, Onions, Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, 
    Tobacco.............................................................................................. (202) 720-4288

Livestock Prices Received

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch.................................................................. (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section.................................................................... (202) 720-3570
  Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats........................................................................ (202) 720-0585
  Heidi Gleich - Cattle and Cattle on Feed............................................................... (202) 720-3040
  Mike Miller - Milk, Milk Cows.......................................................................... (202) 720-3278
  Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs........................................................................... (202) 720-3106
   
Tony Dorn, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section............................................... (202) 690-3223
  Fatema Haque - Broilers................................................................................ (202) 720-3244
  Kim Linonis - Eggs..................................................................................... (202) 690-3676
  Adam Peters - Turkeys.................................................................................. (202) 690-3237
  Erica Sadler - Honey................................................................................... (202) 720-6147
  
Indexes, Prices Paid, and Parity Prices

Jody McDaniel, Chief, Environmental, Economics, and Demographics Branch.................................. (202) 720-6146

Bruce Boess, Head, Economics Section..................................................................... (202) 720-4447
  Kuan Chen - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices, Prices Paid Indexes, Prices Paid for Feed, 
    Fertilizer, Chemicals, Seeds, Fuels, Farm Supplies and Repairs, Farm Machinery, Feeder Livestock, 
    Poultry Chicks, Feed Price Ratios.................................................................... (202) 690-3347
  Stephen Habets - Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices................................................ (202) 720-9168

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@nass.usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov. 

Price Program Links

Economics and Prices 
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_Subject/Economics_and_Prices/index.php

January 2014 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updates.pdf

January 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/update2015.pdf

April 2015 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateApr2015.p
df

February 2016 Price Program Update
http://www.nass.usda.gov/Surveys/Guide_to_NASS_Surveys/Prices/updateFeb2016.p
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